Species: Trifolium pratense
Common names: Red clover, Cow clover, Meadow clover, Trefoil, bee-bread, wild clover.
History/Folklore: Red clover has been used for centuries as part of herbal medicine. It has been used to treat liver disease, cancer, respiratory problems and joint issues. Externally it was used to treat skin problems and speed healing. Traditionally, Red clover is used to improve circulation, increase production of urine, purify the blood and relieve symptoms of menopause.
Another benefit of Red Clover is its use as fodder for grazing animals. It is also used as a green manure and helps if nitrogen fixation. Red Clover is the state flower of Vermont as well as the official flower of Denmark.
Leaves are oblong, green with a white crescent. Flower heads have around 15 magenta/purple tubular flowers. Red clover reaches a height of up to 2 feet.
Parts Used: Flowers, leaves and stems
Collection: When in flower before completely open. April through November
Actions: depurative, diuretic, tonic, estrogenic, antispasmodic, antfungal
Indications: Helps to purify the blood as well as increase urine output. Supports health by nourishing the body. Contains isoflavones which act like estrogen in the body. Has been used to alleviate symptoms of Menopause and PMS. Can be used topically for eczema and other skin conditions.
Contraindications: Avoid when pregnant or breastfeeding.
Light: Full sun to part shade
Plant Type: short lived